What are the full forms of etc, i.e, viz
Abbreviations are commonly used in written communication to convey information concisely.
They help save time, space, and effort. However, sometimes we come across abbreviations that leave us puzzled.
In this blog post, we will demystify three commonly used abbreviations: etc., i.e., and viz.
We will explore their full forms, meanings, and usage, allowing you to enhance your understanding of these abbreviations and communicate more effectively.
- etc. – Et cetera
The abbreviation “etc.” is derived from the Latin phrase “et cetera,” which translates to “and other things.”
It is primarily used to indicate that there are additional items, examples, or possibilities that are not explicitly mentioned.
For example, in a sentence like “She loves reading novels, biographies, etc.,” the abbreviation “etc.” implies that there are more genres of books that the person enjoys, but they are not specifically listed.
- i.e. – Id est
The abbreviation “i.e.” is derived from the Latin phrase “id est,” which means “that is.”
It is used to clarify or explain a statement or concept mentioned before it.
For instance, in the sentence “She loves reading classics, i.e., books that have stood the test of time,” the abbreviation “i.e.” introduces a clarification by stating that classics refer to books that have endured over time.
- viz. – Videlicet
The abbreviation “viz.” is derived from the Latin word “videlicet,” which translates to “namely” or “that is to say.”
It is used to introduce or specify examples or specific details related to the preceding statement.
For example, in the sentence “She loves reading classic novels, viz., Pride and Prejudice and Jane Eyre,” the abbreviation “viz.” provides specific examples of classic novels that the person enjoys.
Abbreviations such as etc., i.e., and viz. are widely used in written communication to convey information concisely.
By understanding their full forms and meanings, you can effectively incorporate them into your writing and enhance clarity for your readers.
While abbreviations can be helpful, it’s essential to use them appropriately and sparingly to avoid confusion.
So, the next time you come across these abbreviations, you’ll know exactly what they stand for and how to use them correctly.